HAYDAR DILJEN Sibabarak Suveyda yan z Swregi

Belgeyan Ermenyan de namey Swregi zey Sibabarak, belgeyan Suryanyan de Seveverak, belgeyan Ereban de Suveyda yan z Senn, belgeyan Farisan de Serrek ravreno.

09 Mayıs 2017 Salı | PolitikART

Swregi aristanka ma ya ke tarxnd ci yo zaf xor derg esto. Bi taybet tarxo newe de caynd Swregi yo asaya mihm esto. Xeyl kadroy tevger syas kultur y kurdan Swreg ra vejyay. Mesela Fak Bucak, Hlm Bego Swregij, Mustafa Remz Bucax, Osman Efendyo Babij, Yilmaz Guney, ivan Perwer, Necmettn Buyukkaya, Mehmed Uzun, Ferd Uzun, Mahmd Lewend, Necat Syahxan Osman Aytar nan ra end kes y. Herzewbn Swregi Hlwan Tkon Serbestye Kurd ke 1978an ra tepya destpa kerd de z roldo gird kaykerd. Swregij, Swregi r van Ske xo hewna vr Dyarbekir ser o hesibnen. Helbet sebeb nay y tarx, syas komelk est. 

Belgeyan Ermenyan de namey Swregi zey Sibabarak, belgeyan Suryanyan de Seveverak, belgeyan Ereban de Suveyda yan z Senn, belgeyan Farisan de Serrek ravreno. Ereban seba Swregi namey As-Suwada, Sasanyan namey Surk bi kar ardo. N nameyan pirine ra namey SUVEREK", SWREGI, "SEVEREK" , "SVEREK", SREK vijyayo.


Nufus Swregi 250 000 o

say ra ver (V) 3500 ra heta ewro, tarx de Sumer, Hr,-Mtan, Asr, Htt, Med, Pers, Aram, Romay, Bzans, Ermen, Merwan, Artk, Eyyb, Qereqoyn, Aqqoyn, Sefaw, Osman Tirk Swregi de ca by opa xo Swregi de verday. Nika z Swregi de tayn keyey est ke hewna z ci r van Keyey Eceman, Keyey Ereban, Keyey Tirkan.

Swregi nika qezaya Riha ya gorey amor nufus y serra 2016, nufus Swregi 250 000 o. 1871 de, Salnamey Vlayeta Dyarbekir de ameyo nuti ke Swregi de 6020 keyey 234 dew est nufus Swregi 14000 o. N nufus ra 1266 musluman ny. Serra 1905 de, Salnamey Wlayeta Dyarbekir de nufus 35 000 ameyo nuti.

Serra 1905 de, eyn salname de, ameyo nuti ke o wext Swregi de yew qonax hukmat, di (2) cam, yew kilse, di (2) medresey, yew rutye, hr ptdaye (lkokul), e verdibistan, ar (4) dibistan aqalyatan, ar xan, di (2) hemam, panc n yew ari estbiyo.


Sancaxa eyaleta Dyarbekir b

Ewlya eleb Swregi ra sey sancaxa eyaleta Dyarbekir behs keno. Swregi 1908 de bya mutasarife eyaleta Dyarbekir ya ameya girday. 1918 de Wranar rmge z girday sancax Swregi y. Swregi serra 1927 de Diyarbekir ra am abirnayi Riha ya am girday. Label kita kultur komelk de, Swregijan xo v nezdy Dyarbekir zey Dyarbekirijan hs kerd. Serra 1950 de elektrke, 1953 de z awe ebekey bajar ameya Swregi.  Serra 1963 de Kitabxaney ar abyayo. Label kitab kurdk n kitabxaney de qedexe b.Serran 1955 ra tepya Swregi de hem salon snema y zimistank hem z hamnank estb.


Diza Swregi (Kela, Qale)

Gorey cigray ke mintiqa de amey virati, tarx Diza Swregi reseno Asran. Tarixnutox Batlamyus vano: Diza Swregi, Asran bi syan (kemer) syayan y birnayan ra virato. Romayan, na diz hewna berz kerda ci r birc  virat kerda dizda mukemele ya Mezopotamya. Dize seba seviknay aristan Dyarbekir ameya virati. Dima Romayyan ds birc diz hewna saxlem kerd bi kar arda. Bzansyan z na diz seba ke xo ran ereban ra bipaw bi kar arda. Diz bwahrey ra zaf tahrbat bya ewro sey xirabey asena!


Ekonom

Swregij zafr darey xo bi zret warkerdi heywanan a ken. Sanayyo gird hema hema Ski de inyo. Bi virati projey GAP ya, zreto aw zaf ravey i. GAP ya pey kariti pem zret de cayndo gird gno. La heto bn ra nsbet betalay Swregi de zaf berz o. Zaf keyey est ke yew merdim kar keno xeyl merdim wen.


Dimilya Swregi standardeya

Swregi de kurmanc dimil (kirmanck) qisey ben. myan ske dew vakur rojawad Swregi de, yan Nehyan Bucax Behsere de dimil nehyan bnan de kurmanc qisey bena. Swregi de fek dimil y Swregi, rmge Ald qisey beno. Ewro Swregi de hem dewan de hem z bajar de kurdk (dimil kurmanc) zaf qisey bena. Tarx nuti dimil de Swregi cayndo tarx gna. Mewld Ehmed Xas ra dima, Mewld Osman Efendy Babij, Mewld Neb, ke serra 1903 de ner byo, yew belgeya nute ya muhm ya dimil yo. No mewld, xeyl cayan de hewna z yeno wendi. Dimilya Swregi, gorey cayan bnan, xo miyan de xeyl bya standarde. Xeyl sebeb nay komelk, ekonom kultur est. 

Sebebo yewin; dimil Swregi de kita di eran ke Swregi de wahr tesrndo gird ya qisey bena. Sermyan n herdi eran z Swregi myan de ronit wahr odeyan b. aro ke dewan skan dormey ra amey Swregi, y n odan wija de bi dimil qisey kerd, dr, fiqrey, estanik vat, kuat (yar) kerd. N odan kita ziwan de rolndo komelk yo muhm kay kerd. Bi no awaye ziwan nezdy p by.

Sebebo diyin; bazar ske de, yan mewlexane, pazar kolyan, erasa, mezat de, dkanan ser o dimil qisey byo. No rew xizmet standardkerdi dimil kerd. Swregi yew bajar Kurdistan ya ke kurmanc dimil pya ciwn nan ra xeyl kita ziwan ya p fam ken. Beyntar dimilya myand Swregi dewan de tayn ferq werd est, label n  ferq bol ny. 


Kultur Swregi

Swregi de kulturndo hera esto, labir Swregi de muzk ravey nyo. Heta n serran peynan z b Xim Xime drnada Dimil inb. Swregijan bolk muzk Kurmanck gotarey kerd hewna z ken.

Kita inayan de z ferq myan Swregi dewan esto. inay dewan kita Qerejdax, Qereke, Hrhr, Bucax Behsere  myan de z ferq est. N ferq vr inay cinyan de asen. Hetta kita serregirdana cinyan a, dewi ra dewi z ferq esto. Govende, niqara zirnaya Swregi z namdar . Keyey Huskt kita cenay niqara zirna ya Kurdistan de Tirkye de namdar . Swregi de n kay est: Tk, dzo, giran, yewlinge, lorke, epik, dilinge.

Kay qekan: Kay ke zaf yen kaykerdi n y: tl, imbestike, qelanqzik, pirr, qol-qaax, xane, kay gullan, deverdo


*imey: Turkiyede Beldeler turzm Siverek, 31-1-1986, molla feneri sok cagaloglu, istanbul Siverek Belediye Dergis, 1.1.1991, sayi 1, siverek


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